The Hidden Web, XML and the Semantic Web:
Scientific Data Management Perspectives
Fabian M. Suchanek *, INRIA Saclay, Paris, France
Aparna S. Varde, Dept. of Computer Science, Montclair State University, Montclair, NJ, USA
Richi Nayak, Computer Science Discipline, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia
Pierre Senellart *, Institut Télécom; Télécom Paristech; CNRS LTCI, Paris, France
* The work was partially funded by the ERC grant Webdam.
The World Wide Web no longer consists just of HTML pages. Our work sheds light on a number of trends on the Internet that go beyond simple Web pages. The hidden Web provides a wealth of data in semi-structured form, accessible through Web forms and Web services. These services, as well as numerous other applications on the Web, commonly use XML, the eXtensible Markup Language. XML has become the lingua franca
of the Internet that allows customized markups to be defined for specific domains. On top of XML, the Semantic Web grows as a common structured data source. In this work, we first explain each of these developments in detail. Using real-world examples from scientific domains of great interest today, we then demonstrate how these new developments can assist the managing, harvesting, and organization of data on the Web. On the way, we also illustrate the current research avenues in these domains. We believe that this effort would help bridge multiple database tracks, thereby attracting researchers with a view to extend database technology.